You probably already have some sort of vaccine passport

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On Monday, Dr. Drew, television personality has tweeted his opposition a COVID-19[feminine[feminine vaccine passports, saying: “These vaccine passports separate people and deprive them of the freedom to travel internationally. Vaccines are important and I encourage everyone to get the Covid vaccine, but how would you feel if international travel needed other vaccines as well? “

On Tuesday, she turned him back – But for thousands of people on Twitter, I thought it was a good question.

Is not.

Although vaccine passports have emerged as the latest flashpoint of COVID-19 pandemic, most people already have some form of documentation that proves they have been vaccinated against certain diseases. And many public health experts say this test will be key to getting life back to normal and preventing future outbreaks of COVID-19.

“People have been suffering for over a year and want to come back to life,” Lawrence Gostin, a professor of global health law at Georgetown University, told BuzzFeed News. “They want to go to restaurants, watch movies, travel to see their loved ones and go back to work. Vaccine passports offer a path to a faster and safer return to normal life. “

As vaccines are distributed more widely, the prospect of COVID-19 vaccine passports is becoming a reality for many people. The European Union it is likely to release them in June. Israel, Which one leads the major nations in the vaccines administered so far, it has already introduced one. China has them too. The UK is debating its own version. New York State has introduced a voluntary program “Excelsior Pass”Showing vaccination tests or negative tests for access to sporting events, music venues and companies. At least eight major airlines they are working on a version of a coronavirus passport, as it is Walmart.

More than 64 million people, or nearly 1 in 5 Americans, have been completely vaccinated against COVID-19 so far.

But the federal government, included Anthony Fauci, head of the National Institute of Allergies and Infectious Diseases – has so far made it clear will not lead efforts to produce a national vaccine passport. Instead, it is working in the corral the more than a dozen versions being developed in the private sector.

Many Republican leaders have rejected these measures, suggesting they would constitute a government scope. Friday, Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis signed an executive order banning the use of COVID-19 vaccination passports in the state. Sunday, Mississippi Gov. Tate Reeves he told CNN who also opposed it. On Tuesday, Texas Gov. Greg Abbott unit inside.

“The passport is a good idea,” Howard Markel, a pediatrician and medical historian, told BuzzFeed News. “How politicized it is is very disturbing and difficult for health care people to understand.”

This politicization has had a real impact. A recent survey found this only 50% of residents in the US would support a voluntary document verifying vaccination.

The debate in the US is, in many ways, a reissue of these locks i contact tracking. Should people in the United States accept restrictions on their personal freedom in the name of public health? They will be these temporary measures are maintained long after they are needed? Will people’s privacy be protected? But the idea of ​​vaccine passports is nothing new: the United States already has a mosaic of public and private entities that require people to prove they have been vaccinated.

“We already keep vaccine records in our medical records. Schools keep records of children. Many hospitals keep them for their staff. These should be familiar, ”said Gostin.

To travel internationally, many people already have to prove that they have been vaccinated. To enter the United States, immigrants must provide a disease vaccination record – 14 in total – including hepatitis A and B, two types of flu, polio and chickenpox. Records are saved in brochure issued by the World Health Organization. The United States Armed Forces, which sends its members around the world, requires a dozen vaccines depending on where a person is deployed.

A vaccination test is also required to enroll children in school in the 50 states. In Florida, where DeSantis is the governor, kindergarten children must be vaccinated by the 12th six diseases. California i Texas each requires seven. Since immunization requirements for schools are managed at the state level – there is no federal mandatemany states allow it personal belief or religious exemptions so that parents cannot participate. California is among the states that eliminated these exemptions after one dangerous measles outbreak which started at Disneyland in 2015 reached the state.

As long as there are vaccines, public health officials have demanded that people prove they have received them. As historian Jordan E. Taylor wrote in Time magazine, from the 19th century onwards, the US authorities forced people to prove that they had been vaccinated against smallpox. Immigration officials required vaccination tests on Ellis Island in New York and Angel Island in San Francisco. Companies forced it as a working condition. And during local outbreaks, police would require people to prove they had been vaccinated.

There are real concerns about vaccine passports. Some people care about theirs digital rights or invasion of privacy. But Gostin, who he co-authored an article in the Journal of the American Medical Association on possible ethical issues, he said vaccine passports contained very little information. “In many ways, vaccine passports protect your privacy. They do not require you to disclose any information, unless you have a vaccine or not, ”he wrote.

Others raise questions about the fairness of requiring vaccination tests in the United States, so far Black and Latin communities they have been vaccinated at disproportionately low rates. Experts take it seriously, but suggested that these concerns will diminish as vaccines become more available.

“Equity can’t be a later thing,” Gostin said. “We cannot have passports while there is a shortage of vaccines. In a month or two, vaccines will haunt people, not the other way around. Everyone will have a good chance to get it. “

Public health experts stressed that it is understandable if people do not feel safe about vaccine passports and encouraged them to talk to their healthcare providers if they had any questions.

“My recommendation is to consult your doctor or the WHO or CDC websites,” Markel said. “Have a good conversation with your doctor. We don’t want to intimidate people. “





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