You may have heard of cannabis plant compounds that give it smell, color, and taste, but you probably didn’t know that these compounds are divided between flavonoids and terpenes.
In the next article you will learn exactly what makes each plant special and what effect they have on you.
What are flavonoids?
Flavonoids are one of the most little studied elements at the cannabis plant. What we do know about flavonoids is the effect they have on the flower.
This lesser known compound is responsible for the pigmentation that flower goes from forest green to deep purple. Everything is controlled by the flavonoids in your weed.
They also have an effect on the aroma and taste of their flower and flavonoids work very closely with terpenes and cannabinoids to have therapeutic effects on the body.
There are only 20 different flavonoids in the cannabis plant, but they are all unique to that specific plant.
Otherwise, scientists have found thousands of times that flavonoids occur naturally in different plant species.
Flavonoids are rich in antioxidants, so they help regulate cell activity and help protect against toxins in the body.
Both flavonoids and terpenes can be found CBD too.
What are terpenes?
Terpenes are similar to flavonoids in that they also control the smell and taste of the cannabis plant.
However, there are many more terpenes than flavonoids. The cannabis plant is home to about 100 different terpenes and each type of plant has its own unique terpenes.
Terpenes can be found in flowers, herbs and fruits, not just cannabis. It has been studied to have wellness and therapeutic effects on the body.
How Flavonoids Affect Your Experience
The antioxidants that flavonoids contain greatly affect your experience when you smoke cannabis.
Cannflavin A is a flavonoid that is responsible for decreasing inflammation in the body and studies have shown that it can be stronger than taking aspirin for pain.
Cannflavin B is very similar to cannflavin A and has most of the same anti-inflammatory properties.
Cannflavin C is another flavonoid that has anti-A and B-like properties and more research is being done on how exactly it interacts with the body.
Kaempferol is another flavonoid with anti-inflammatory properties but also has antioxidant properties. It has been shown to help with depression and may even reduce your risk of heart disease.
Quercetin is one of the most effective flavonoids in cannabis because it has antidepressant, antioxidant, antifungal and antiviral properties.
Orientin is another well-rounded flavonoid that has multiple effects on the body. It has antioxidant, antibiotic, anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective properties and this flavonoid can also be found in teas.
Silmarin has antioxidant properties, but has also been shown to have the ability to fight cancer.
How terpenes affect your experience
Terpenes have a huge effect on the body’s serotonin and dopamine systems, so some varieties of marijuana will make you feel relaxed while others stimulate your creativity.
There are too many different terpenes to cover here, but here are some of the more common types.
Myrcene is not included in all marijuana varieties and is more prevalent in indica varieties.
Terpene is responsible for reducing inflammation in the body and is commonly used as a complementary treatment for cancer.
Linool helps users feel more relaxed in their muscles and can also reduce the feeling of anxiety or nervousness.
Humulene is a terpene that has a great effect regulate appetite and hunger. This is what could make users have food after a smoking session.
Alpha-pinene has been shown to have an effect on the respiratory system and may even decrease inflammation in the lungs. It can be especially helpful with conditions such as asthma.
Limonene is another terpene that is more popular among indica strains and has been shown to have an effect in patients with depression. Terpene is a deep sedative and helps patients relax when using it.
The difference between flavonoids and terpenes
Although flavonoids and terpenes have effects on the body and may even function similarly, they are not always found in the same strains and there are many more terpenes than flavonoids.