The promises of hundreds of millions of vaccine doses to poor countries are seen as an effort to counter China’s broad vaccine diplomacy.
A group of seven leaders are committed to delivering hundreds of millions of doses of COVID-19 vaccines to poorer countries around the world.
The head of the United Nations, Antonio Guterres, criticized rich nations in February, saying the distribution was “uneven and uneven” and warned against so-called “vaccine nationalism” and “vaccine hoarding”.
WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus has said the pandemic is perpetuated by a “scandalous inequity” in vaccine distribution.
The commitments are also seen as an effort to counter China, which is one of the world’s largest economies but not part of the G7.
China yes sent vaccines to 66 countries in the form of aid, according to state news agency Xinhua, and has also pledged to supply 10 million doses to COVAX, which has the support of the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Vaccination (GAVI) and the World Organization of Health (WHO).
COVAX aims to secure 2 billion vaccine doses for lower-income countries by the end of 2021.
Prior to this week’s new commitments, only 150 million doses had been promised to COVAX, well below the 250 million needed by the end of September.
Below are the G7 promises so far:
US President Joe Biden plans to buy and give 500 million doses of Pfizer coronavirus vaccine in more than 90 countries. He has also called on the world’s democracies to do their part to help end the pandemic.
US pharmacist Pfizer and its German partner BioNTech will provide 200 million doses in 2021 and 300 million doses in the first half of 2022, which the United States will then distribute to 92 low-income countries and the African Union.
The Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine requires two doses and should be stored at extremely low temperatures.
British Prime Minister Boris Johnson has said that “the G7 will pledge to distribute vaccines to inoculate the world by the end of next year, with millions coming from surplus British stocks”.
The United Kingdom has mainly used the AstraZeneca two-shot vaccine for its population, which was developed with Oxford University.
Britain says G7 leaders are expected to agree to provide 1 billion doses by allocating doses and funding to end the 2022 pandemic.
Johnson has pledged to give at least 100 million doses of surplus coronavirus vaccine over the next year, including 5 million starting in the coming weeks.
The AstraZeneca vaccine, which is cheap and easy to transport, is a key component of the COVAX program.
EU – including Germany, France and Italy
European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen has said the European Union aims to give at least 100 million doses of COVID-19 vaccine to low- and middle-income countries by the end of 2021.
This includes the promise of France and Germany to give 30 million doses each, and Italy will give 15 million doses.
France has also said it has donated 184,000 doses of AstraZeneca’s COVID-19 vaccine to Senegal through the COVAX vaccine sharing program.
Japan has said it will donate about 30 million doses of vaccines produced in the country through COVAX.
Taiwan, which emerged relatively unscathed from the first year of the pandemic, is fighting an outbreak that began last month.
Reuters news agency reported that Canada is in talks to give the overdose through COVAX, although it has not yet made public any firm pledges of donations or said how much it plans to give.