US rescinds Trump-era asylum restrictions for survivors of violence | Migration news


The limits of the Trump era made it difficult to protect asylum seekers fleeing domestic violence or gangs.

The Biden administration has overturned Trump-era policies that made it difficult to protect asylum seekers fleeing domestic or gang violence in the United States, an action that was welcomed by human rights activists. migration as an important step forward.

In a three-page legal opinion, U.S. Attorney General Merrick Garland said Wednesday a broad language in decisions made during the administration of former President Donald Trump “threatens to create confusion and discourage careful case resolution. in the case of asylum applications “.

Garland issued a new policy that could make it easier for asylum seekers fleeing domestic violence and gangs to win their humanitarian protection cases.

“The importance of this cannot be overstated,” said Kate Melloy Goettel, legal director of litigation for the U.S. Immigration Council. “This was one of the worst decisions against Trump-era asylum, and this is a really important first step in getting rid of it.”

President Joe Biden has vowed to follow a more “humane” immigration system than his predecessor, which enacted a number of anti-immigration policies, including the ban on entry to citizens of various Muslim-majority countries and severe restrictions on the southern border with Mexico.

The Center for Gender and Refugee Studies (CGRS) at UC Hastings College of Law said in a statement on Wednesday that Trump’s U.S. Department of Justice had set decisions that set precedents that effectively “stacked the platform.” against asylum seekers ”.

The sidewalks disproportionately hurt LGBTQ + women, children and people, while leading to the deportation of people to the same countries where they had fled, the center said.

“These decisions had legal shortcomings and injected unnecessary confusion into the decision-making process, which led judges to deny unjustified protection by prejudicing cases, rather than providing each case with fair consideration of its own facts.” , said his statement.

The CGRS welcomed Garland’s announcement, saying it “marks a huge step forward in the Biden administration’s efforts to rebuild our asylum system.”

Garland also on Wednesday rescinded a separate decision that had limited asylum applications based on persecution due to family relationships.

“Today’s announcement will help undo some of the damage caused by the Trump administration’s asylum attacks and we join our colleagues in calling on the Biden administration to accelerate and deepen its efforts in this area. sense, “said Cody Wofsy, an attorney for the ACLU Immigrant Rights Project staff, also referred to in the CGRS statement.

Migration advocates have pushed Biden to do more to fulfill its commitment to rebuilding asylum in the U.S., including ending the use of a Trump-era public health directive – invoked during the COVID-19 pandemic – which allows the majority of asylum seekers to be diverted without their demands being heard.

But the U.S. president has faced increased political pressure from Republicans and other critics record number of asylum seekers reach the country’s border with Mexico in search of protection.

Biden, who has vowed to address the “root causes” of migration, instructed Vice President Kamala Harris to curb arrivals. He visited Guatemala and Mexico this month and potential asylum seekers were told: “Don’t come.”

These comments sparked widespread criticism from migration advocates, who said asylum is a right guaranteed by international law and urged the Biden administration to fulfill its promise to break Trump’s policies.

Most asylum seekers arriving at the U.S. border in recent months come from southern Mexico and the so-called “Northern Triangle” countries of El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras, which face the widespread violence, socio-economic crises and devastating ones effects of recent storms.

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