The report from the U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission said the Commerce Department has been slow to create a list of sensitive technology that should be examined before exporting to the U.S. China.
The U.S. Department of Commerce is doing its part to protect national security and keep sensitive technology out of the hands of the Chinese military, according to a U.S. Congress advisory report seen by Reuters news agency .
The US-China Economic and Security Review Commission report, which is due to be released on Tuesday, said the Commerce Department has been slow to create a list of sensitive technology that should be examined before export to China.
The delay in developing the list of emerging and core technologies, as required by a 2018 law, could exacerbate national security risks, according to the report.
The U.S. Department of Commerce, which is tasked with tightening U.S. export control laws, “has so far failed to meet its responsibilities,” the report titled: Pending Business: Export Control and Foreign Investment Reforms said. .
In a statement, the Commerce Department declined to respond directly to the lack of a list, but noted that it had published four rules on emerging technology controls and there are many more pending.
He also said he had expanded the military end-user rule and added companies to its list of entities, which restricts the sale of U.S. suppliers to companies such as Huawei Technologies and Hangzhou Hikvision.
In 2018, Congress tightened U.S. export policies and the process of detecting foreign investment in response to Chinese entities ’efforts to obtain sensitive U.S. technology and use civilian innovation for the military.
The report questions whether the inspector general of the Department of Commerce should investigate a delay of more than two years in the development of the list. It also asks whether the authority to enforce export controls should be delegated to another agency.
Congress passed the 2018 Export Control Reform Act to make it difficult to export key technologies to adversaries like China.
The law ordered the Department of Commerce to work with other agencies to identify emerging or cutting-edge technologies and so-called core technologies essential for the manufacture of key elements such as semiconductors that should be controlled.
In November 2018, the department released 45 examples of emerging technologies, including voice and voice recognition, but no list was ever finalized. And he has yet to propose a list of key technologies, instead of having asked for input in August on how to define the category.
The report noted some actions by the Department of Commerce.
The department has proposed regulating software for gene editing, which may facilitate the development of biological weapons, but the rule has not been finalized. He also published a provisional rule on geospatial imaging involving AI neural networks.
Advanced surveillance technology has also received some attention, including export controls to promote human rights, given its use in Xinjiang for the detention of minority Muslim Uighurs. But the department does not yet monitor new types of advanced surveillance software, according to the report.
The US-China commission was set up by Congress 20 years ago to report on the implications for national trade security with China. It is now chaired by Carolyn Bartholomew, who was appointed by the Speaker of the House, Nancy Pelosi.