The use of e-cigarettes flavored with “ice” may be common and be positively associated with conventional smoking and nicotine dependence among young adults, suggests research published online in the journal Tobacco control.
And it’s not clear where these ‘hybrid’ vapors, which combine fruit / sweet and refreshing flavors, fit into current or future regulatory frameworks, which apply restrictions depending on different flavor categories, the study authors point out.
“Ice”-flavored e-cigarettes, marketed as a combination of fruity / sweet and refreshing flavors, such as “blueberry ice” or “melon ice,” have recently entered the U.S. market. Previous research suggests that young adult steamers prefer aromas of fruit / sweet or menthol / mint.
To try to measure the attractiveness of these “hybrid” steam flavors and see if they could be related to other behaviors around smoking and / or smoking among young adults, the study authors obtained 344 responses to online surveys submitted between May and August 2020.
The survey was part of the Study on Happiness and Health: A Prospective Study of Health Behaviors that originally recruited 3396 ninth-grade students in Los Angeles, California, in 2013.
The survey aimed to find out whether respondents vaporized and, if so, what flavor they had used most frequently over the previous 30 days: menthol / mint; fruit / sweet; the gel.
Respondents, who had a mean age of 21 years, were also asked if they smoked regular cigarettes, what symptoms they had of vapor dependence, and how often, and what type of vaporization device they used.
Of the 407 ethnic diversity respondents who had smoked in the past 30 days, 383 provided information on flavors, but after excluding those who responded “tasteless” or “tobacco-flavored,” the final analysis went include 344 responses.
Overall, 168 (49%) reported using ice flavors more often; 60 (17%) menthol / mint; and 116 (34%) fruit / sweet.
Compared to menthol / mint flavored e-cigarette vapors, ice-flavored e-cigarettes were more likely to report regular cigarette smoking over the previous 30 days: 31.5% vs. 22%.
Ice-flavored vapors were also less likely to report menthol / mint vapors using refillable devices and were more likely than fruit / sweet flavor users to use non-cartridge disposable devices: 65% vs. 35%.
The study’s authors indicate that disposable e-cigarettes are among the fastest-growing segments of the e-cigarette market.
Ice-flavored vapors were more likely to report symptoms of steam dependence than fruit / sweet-flavored vapors (67% vs. 43%), which had begun to vaporize during high school (74% vs. 65%). %) and reported more daily vaporization episodes: around 11 vs. 8.
And they were also more likely than fruit / sweet or menthol / mint flavored vapors to report more steam days in the last month: an average of 17 to 12.
The study authors noted that their research was based on memory and did not measure nicotine intake or differentiate between nicotine-containing and non-nicotine-containing e-cigarettes.
“While the causality of this cross-sectional study cannot be deduced,” they warn, “it is possible that exposure to e-cigarettes in ice flavors may somehow increase the frequency and dependence of nicotine vaporization.” they add.
“Previous clinical studies show this fruit i menthol flavors independently increase the attractiveness of e-cigarettes and suppress the aversive qualities of nicotine young adults creating perceptions of sweetness and freshness, respectively, ”they explain.
“Because ice flavors represent a hybrid that may contain refrigerant and fruity flavor components, it is unclear how these flavors fit current and future regulatory policies that set differential restrictions on different flavor categories,” they point out.
“Additional studies on specific refrigerants and chemical components in ice-flavored products and health effects of flavored ice electronic cigarette use is guaranteed, ”they conclude.
Use of “ice” flavored e-cigarettes among young adults, Tobacco control (2021). DOI: 10.1136 / tobaccocontrol-2020-056416
British Medical Journal
Citation: The use of “ice” flavored e-cigarettes may be related to nicotine dependence among young people (2021, June 14) recovered on June 14, 2021 at https://medicalxpress.com/news/ 2021-06-ice-flavored-e-cig -linked-nicotine.html
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