A study by researchers at the University of Warwick shows that medical training to become a general practitioner reported a significant positive improvement in their mental well-being after participating in a specially designed mindfulness program.
The results show that to incorporate full attention formation because family physicians could help them cope better with the pressures of the profession and the challenges of practicing medicine during the pandemic.
The findings emerge from a new study a BMC Medical Education by a team from Warwick Medical School and funded by Health Education England, focused on a sample of 17 GP students working in Coventry and Warwickshire.
Mindfulness is defined as an enhanced and sustained instantaneous capacity for self-awareness emotional state and be, in the context of one’s own immediate environment. For their study, the researchers used the Mindful Practice curriculum, an intervention designed for physicians insofar as it structures and addresses issues specific to their profession. It has been widely tested in the United States, but researchers are currently evaluating its effectiveness in the United Kingdom.
For this study, 17 GP students participated in weekly 1.5-hour group sessions over a six-week period, led by a full-fledged practice tutor. Before starting, they completed questionnaires based on validated measures of well-being, exhaustion, stress, care, and resilience. They then completed the same questionnaires after finishing the program and compared the scores of both.
Analyzing the results, the researchers found significant changes to improve in the scores of participants in all five categories. There were significant reductions in emotional exhaustion (24.2%) and disengagement (17.7%), measures of exhaustion and stress (23.3%) were reported among participants, and similar improvements in endurance (15.8%) and well-being (22%). In addition, 16 participants (94%) scored above the previous emotional exhaustion threshold, but only 9 (53%) later.
The main author, Dr. Manuel Villarreal, an honorary clinical researcher at Warwick Medical School and a GP, said: “As a doctor, these are important qualities when it comes to participating in consultations and making decisions. Strengthening all of these qualities will help you be best doctors, get better involved with patients and benefit them on a personal level.The most important thing is how you incorporate this type of program into your training, how we put it into practice so that GP students acquire these skills.
“It will also allow them to better navigate the challenges of COVID. The pandemic has meant making many telephone inquiries and GPs now have to make different decisions in new scenarios. This entails additional stress.”
Co-author, Dra. Petra Hanson, Ph.D. a University of Warwick student and clinical researcher at Coventry University Hospitals and the Warwickshire NHS Trust, said: “This was such a positive and encouraging improvement, even in a small study, that we hope will lead to studies bigger and longer. This type of intervention is feasible and practical. We have shown that it can work as part of postgraduate training and that it should now be tested in other areas. “
A previous study by the team showed that GP students experienced similar levels of burnout to experienced GPs, but that most were willing to use mindfulness as a method to reduce their impact.
Co-author Professor Jeremy Dale, a primary care teacher at Warwick Medical School, said: “General practitioners at all stages of their careers experience considerable stress, which often leads to exhaustion and exhaustion, early retirement and change of Training to become a GP not only includes focusing on the clinical knowledge and skills needed to care for patients effectively, but must also support the development of the personal skills needed to cope. This is essential to ensure the sustainability of the profession.As this study shows, full-care training offers an easy-to-apply approach, which is feasible to carry out as part of professional doctor training. Preventing or Relieving Emotional Exhaustion, Stress, and Exhaustion is unquestionably good for GP students. well sure it will have an impact on your patients. , colleagues and the NHS in general, and should therefore be a priority in vocational training “.
Manuel Villarreal et al, Viability, acceptability and effect of the Mindful Practice curriculum in postgraduate training of general practitioners, BMC Medical Education (2021). DOI: 10.1186 / s12909-021-02747-z
University of Warwick
Citation: Study Finds ‘Significant Reduction’ in General Practitioner Student Wear After Mindfulness Program (2021, June 8), Retrieved June 8, 2021 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2021 -06-significant-reduction-gp-trainee-burnout.html
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