A junk food diet can increase the risk of driving dangerously between truck or truck drivers by increasing fatigue, which is often a key factor in vehicle collisions, suggests research published online in the journal Occupational and environmental medicine.
About 1.35 million people die each year in traffic collisions with professional drivers with more risk for the time they spend behind the wheel.
There are several known contributing factors, including gender, age, experience, driving skills, and attitudes appear to be important, the researchers note. But lifestyle can also be a factor, especially because long-distance driving often leads to sleep deprivation, unhealthy eating habits, and limitation. physical activity, they add.
To try to bridge this knowledge gap, the researchers assessed whether dietary patterns, fatigue, and driving behavior could be related in a sample of 389 male truck drivers from a transportation company in Suzhou, China.
Most drivers were between 31 and 60 years old, with 6 to 10 years of experience under the belt, and an annual count of between 50,000 and 100,000 km on the road.
Each driver was asked to specify how much and how often to eat any of the 25 food during the previous twelve months in a food frequency questionnaire.
They also completed the multidimensional fatigue inventory, which assesses physical and mental fatigue on a 5-point scale, as well as two validated questionnaires on behavioral behaviors and attitudes toward other drivers on the road.
Dietary patterns were classified into: rich in vegetables; staple foods (high intake of carbohydrates, unrefined grains, dairy products and eggs; animal proteins (fish and poultry); and snacks (fried, desserts and sugary drinks).
Vegetable-rich and basic food diets were strongly associated with safe driving behaviors.
The animal protein diet was strongly associated with higher error rates, concentration lapses, and lower traffic violations, while the snack diet was strongly associated with unsafe driving behavior.
Fatigue probably mediated the impact of dietary patterns on driving behaviors, the results indicated: diets rich in vegetables and basic foods are associated with less fatigue, while protein diets and animal snacks are associated to greater fatigue.
It is an observational study and, as such, cannot establish the cause, only the correlation. The study relied heavily on recovery and self-report. And the researchers got no information about potentially important factors, such as smoking, physical activity, shift patterns and work stress.
But they point out that eating many unhealthy snacks is often associated with erratic eating and altered metabolism, which can affect many tasks that require vigilance, vigilance, and concentration.
And they conclude: “The results of this study support a relationship between dietary patterns and driving behavior in a sample of professional truck drivers.
“Furthermore, by analyzing the communicated pathways, it is possible to conclude that positive driving behavior it can be predicted by prudent dietary patterns, such as plant-rich diets, while some dangerous driving behaviors (mistakes, slips, and infractions) can be predicted by unhealthy dietary patterns characterized by high fat intake and [sugars]. ”
Effects of dietary patterns on driving behavior among professional truck drivers: the mediating effect of fatigue, Occupational and environmental medicine, DOI: 10.1136 / oemed-2020-107206
British Medical Journal
Citation: The junk food diet may increase the risk of driving dangerously between truck / truck drivers (2021, June 15) recovered on June 15, 2021 at https://medicalxpress.com/news/2021-06-junk- food-diet-boost-dangerous. html
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