According to a new study published this week in California’s state school nutrition policies and federal school meal policies, there are mixed impacts on childhood obesity in children of Pacific Island (PI) origin, Philippines (FI) and American Indians / Alaska (AIAN). the open access journal PLOS medicine by Mika Matsuzaki, of the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, USA, and co-workers.
Children of PI, FI, and AIAN origin are some of the least studied subgroups to experience high rates of overweight / obesity. California has enacted food and beverage policies available in schools through a series of regulations since 2004 and federal policies in 2010 an attempt was also made to improve school nutritional standards. In the new study, researchers used data on demographics, body composition and fitness collected by the California Department of Education for 5th and 7th grade students each year between 2002 and 2016 as part of the state’s fitness test program.
In general, the prevalence of overweight / obesity was higher among children with IP (39.5-52.5%), FI (32.9-36.7%) and AIAN (37.7-45.6% ) compared to white students (26.8-30.2%). During the initial study period, the prevalence of overweight / obesity increased among almost all students, with the strongest increases for PI and AIAN students. After California’s state policies went into effect, from 2002 to 2004, overweight / obesity rates decreased in almost all groups, with the largest drop among 5th grade IP girls (formerly: log odds ratio = 0.149 (95% CI: 0.108 to 0.189);
“There remain large racial / ethnic disparities between these racial / ethnic minority subgroups and their white peers,” the authors say. “Additional strategies are needed to reduce childhood obesity and related disparities between these little-studied racial / ethnic populations. ”
Matsuzaki M, Sánchez BN, Rebanal RD, Gittelsohn J, Sanchez-Vaznaugh EV (2021) California and federal school nutrition and obesity policies among children of Pacific island origin, Native American / Alaska Native Americans, and Filipinos: series analysis interrupted storms PLoS Med 18 (5): e1003596. doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1003596
Public Library of Sciences
Citation: The Impact of School Nutrition Policies in California Varies by Child Ethnicity (2021, May 24) Retrieved May 24, 2021 at https://medicalxpress.com/news/2021-05-impact-school -nutrition-policies-california.html
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