Tehran, Iran – As nuclear talks to re-establish Iran’s nuclear deal in 2015 appear to be spreading, a report from the global nuclear surveillance dog has highlighted its complicated control relationship with Iran.
In a report released Monday, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) said Iran has been unable to fully explain the uranium traces found at several undeclared sites.
“After many months, Iran has not provided the necessary explanation for the presence of particles of nuclear material in any of the three places where the agency has made complementary accesses. [inspections]”IAEA told member states.
The United Kingdom, France and Germany, the three European powers that were part of the Iranian nuclear deal, tried to censor Iran at the IAEA governing board – with US support – in early this year, but they withdrew their plan after Iran agreed to cooperate with international cooperation. experts.
Another council meeting is due to be held later this month, but the achievement of a similar plan by European powers could directly jeopardize ongoing talks in Vienna to re-establish the Joint Comprehensive Action Plan (JCPOA). ), as the nuclear agreement is formally known.
Iranian nuclear chief Ali Akbar Salehi wrote a letter to IAEA Director-General Rafael Grossi after the agency’s latest report was released.
According to the Iranian envoy from Vienna, Kazem Gharibabadi, he noted in the letter that Iran recently agreed to continue registering its nuclear facilities for another month to continue technical negotiations with the agency.
“As far as safeguards are concerned, Iran has so far made every effort to cooperate substantially with the agency and provide the necessary clarifications and responses,” tweeted Gharibabadi, who added that Iran will continue to cooperate.
In response, Russia’s top negotiator in Vienna, Mikhail Ulyanov, said the relationship between Iran and the IAEA is “complicated” at the moment, but “we have reason to believe that the current difficulties are temporary.”
Possible 6th round
That is while a fifth round of talks in Vienna to lift US sanctions on Iran and fully re-comply with the JCPOA may not be the last as delegates expected.
Iran’s top negotiator, Deputy Foreign Minister Abbas Araghchi, said on Monday that he believed delegates might have to return to their capitals once again to consult them.
“We have reached the main issues of dispute. We are at a time when we are only dealing with the obvious differences and much of the necessary texts have been drafted, ”he said.
Former U.S. President Donald Trump unilaterally abandoned the nuclear deal in May 2018 and led to relentless waves of sanctions as part of his government’s “maximum pressure” campaign on Iran.
Efforts to restore the deal continue as Iran heads to the June 18 elections, in which Conservative Justice Chief Ebrahim Raisi is the leader.
Sabotage of Natanz
The IAEA report on Monday also provided the first detailed view of the ramifications of sabotage at Iran’s major nuclear facilities at Natanz (one of several last year) that the country blamed on Israel.
The agency said Iran’s total stock of enriched uranium of varying degrees increased by approximately 273 kg (600 pounds) in the three months ending May 22, just over half of the increase in 525 kg from the previous quarter.
The power outage at Natanz occurred in the middle of that period, on April 11th.
After the incident, Iran began enriching uranium to a purity of more than 60%, prompting the IAEA’s Grossi to describe it as “very worrying” last month. According to the watchdog, Iran’s 60% enriched uranium deposit is now only 2.4kg.
But the IAEA also said it is now estimated that Iran’s total stock is about 3,241 kilograms, about 16 times the stock allowed under the JCPOA, which also limited enrichment to 3, 67 percent.