A recent study from the University of Arizona College of Pharmacy suggests that objective structured clinical examinations (OSCE) may be a valuable means of assessing clinical skills while providing learning experiences to pharmacy students in community pharmacy settings. Although the OSCE was designed to assess health professionals in a clinical setting, until now there was limited data on its use in necessary competency testing in community pharmacies.
For pharmacists working in retail, guiding patients about over-the-counter medication use is a common part of the job. According to a recent survey by the American Association of Pharmacists (APhA), pharmacists make an average of 29 OTC recommendations each week and approximately 81% of consumers purchase an OTC product recommended by their pharmacists. As the profession evolves to provide more patient care services, it remains necessary pharmacy resumes to keep pace.
Self-Care Pharmacotherapeutics, a course required by the UArizona Doctoral Program in Pharmacy, teaches students the proper use of medications for self-care consultations, including medication selection, proper dosing, and safety analysis. in a community pharmacy setting. But yes limited information on how to better assess the skills taught during this training. In order to fill this gap, a study conducted by adjunct professors at the College of Pharmacy Bernadette Cornelison, PharmD, MS, BCPS and Beth Zerr, PharmD, BCACP, evaluated the use of an OSCE based on community pharmacies in assessment of pharmacy students in their first year. The analysis showed that students and facilitators believed that the OSCE was testing the skills needed to provide care in a community setting.
“We taught the self-care therapy course in the first semester of the first year at the pharmacy school,” Dr. Cornelison explained. “We felt it was important to innovate and evaluate new forms of teaching that would educate students and hopefully help them retain information.”
The study, published in Journal of the American College of Clinical Pharmacy, also found that the simulation design reflected the exact amount of time in student the student should complete the pharmaceutical patient care (PPCP) process. This finding further demonstrates that PPCP can be applied to patients even when time may seem limited. Standardizing this process is an important step in advancing pharmacists as recognized providers of patient care across the country.
Drs. Cornelison and Zerr state that the results show a strong case for fully implementing the OSCE in the curriculum of the program and expect other pharmaceutical universities to do the same.
Journal of the American College of Clinical Pharmacy, DOI: 10.1002 / jac5.1472
University of Arizona
Citation: The assessment tool helps future pharmacists prepare to work in the community (2021, June 30), retrieved June 30, 2021 at https://medicalxpress.com/news/2021-06- tool-future-pharmacists.html
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