Sudan and Egypt want the international community to intervene before Ethiopia’s plans to move forward with the second filling of the dam this summer.
Sudan has called on the UN Security Council to meet and discuss a dispute over a giant dam that is building Ethiopia on the Blue Nile.
Ethiopia sets its hopes for economic development and power generation on the Great Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD), while the two subsequent countries, Egypt and Sudan, are concerned about this and are seeking a binding agreement on filling and operation of the dam.
Egypt depends on the Nile River for up to 90 percent of its freshwater and sees the dam as an existential threat.
Sudan is concerned about the operation of its own dams and Nile water stations.
On Tuesday, Sudan’s Foreign Minister Mariam Sadiq al-Mahdi called on the Security Council to hold a session as soon as possible to discuss the GERD and “its impact on the security and safety of millions of people.” “, according to a government statement.
In a letter, Al-Mahdi called on the head of the council to urge Ethiopia to stop “unilateral” filling of the dam “which exacerbates the dispute and poses a threat to regional and international peace and security,” he added. communiqué.
Ethiopian officials have not yet commented on the letter.
Earlier this month, Sudan and Egypt agreed to work together at all levels to push Ethiopia to “seriously” negotiate a deal, after African Union-sponsored talks continued to stall.
Both countries called on the international community to intervene.
The Arab states have asked the Security Council to discuss the dispute and Ethiopia’s plans to continue with the second filling of the dam this summer, even without an agreement with Sudan and Egypt.
Ethiopia has rejected the Arab League resolution in its entirety.
Arab League envoy to the UN Maged Abdel Fattah said Tuesday evening that Sudan and Egypt are working on a draft Security Council resolution on GERD if Ethiopia does not reach an agreement.
The Arab states will press for the draft resolution to be approved, Fattah told Egyptian television channel Sada Elbalad, adding that he does not expect world powers to block it.
Ethiopia previously rejected calls from Egypt and Sudan to involve mediators outside the African Union.
Sudan said in early June that it was open to a partial interim agreement on the multimillion-dollar dam, with specific conditions.