Sleep characteristics predict cannabis use, excessive alcohol consumption in adolescents and young adults

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A recent study in adolescents and young adults found that several factors related to sleep time and sleep duration were associated with an increased risk of cannabis use and excessive alcohol consumption during the following year.

The results show that a higher night preference predicted a higher likelihood of cannabis use the following year. Greater nocturnal preference, greater daytime sleepiness, a longer sleep time on weekends, and shorter sleep duration on weekdays and weekends predicted a higher risk of drinking excess beverages throughout the year. Next.

For further analysis, the sample was stratified into two groups: high school / (12-18 years) i (18-27 years). The results show that sleep variables predicted marijuana use only in high school and high school students, while different patterns of sleep characteristics predicted excessive alcohol consumption in the two stratified samples.

“Overall, the results suggest that middle and high school teens may be more vulnerable to sleep-related risk for substance use,” said lead author Brant P. Hasler, who has a PhD in and is an associate professor of psychiatry, psychology, and clinical and translational sciences at the Center for Sleep and Circadian Science at the University of Pittsburgh. “The particular pattern of sleep prediction in the middle school and high school sample is consistent with the ‘circadian misalignment’ caused by early school start times.”

Several years of data from the National Consortium for Alcohol and Neurodevelopment in Adolescence were analyzed. The sample included 831 participants, including 423 women. Participants were between 12 and 21 years old at baseline. Results were monitored by factors such as age, sex, race, parental education, and substance use from the previous year.

“Sleep is a modifiable behavior and is perhaps easier to modify than going directly after substance use,” Hasler said. “In addition, other studies show that college-age teens are more willing to hear about changing sleep than changing substance use. Therefore, focus on improving adolescents’ sleep, including delayed sleep schedules. school start, can be an underused but effective approach to reducing the risk for problematic substance use. “

CDC data prove it only 25% of students in grades 9 to 12 they get they are enough an average school night, and early school start time are one of the factors associated with insufficient sleep in adolescents. The American Academy of Sleep Medicine recommended that i start times should be at 8:30 a.m. or later to give teens a proper opportunity they are enough turned on nights. There are also sleep problems, such as insufficient sleep duration, irregular sleep time, and insomnia frequent among college students, and these problems are associated with symptoms of anxiety and depression.

The research summary was recently published in a online supplement from Sleep magazine and will be presented as an oral presentation on Friday, June 11th Virtual SLEEP 2021.


Later school start times allow students to sleep properly


More information:
Brant Hasler et al, 610 Self-reported sleep and circadian characteristics predict future substance use: a longitudinal analysis from the NCANDA study, Sleep (2021). DOI: 10.1093 / sleep / zsab072.608

Newspaper information:
Sleep


Citation: Sleep characteristics predict cannabis use, excessive alcohol consumption in adolescents and young adults (2021, June 8) recovered on June 8, 2021 at https://medicalxpress.com/news/2021-06 -characteristics-cannabis-binge-teens-young.html

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