Q and A: COVID-19 vaccination and precautions

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DEAR MAYO CLINIC: I should receive my second dose of COVID-19 vaccine in a few weeks. I understand that this is an important step for me and my community, but I’m not sure what guidelines I should follow. Some of my friends are traveling and it looks like they have thrown all caution into the wind. What can I expect after being vaccinated against COVID-19, both physically and when I am in public?

ANSWER: It is completely normal to have many questions about the steps to follow after the COVID-19 vaccine. And each person may have a different response to the COVID-19 vaccine.

The following are answers to the most frequently asked questions by patients about the COVID-19 vaccine:

How long will COVID-19 vaccination be effective?

It is not yet known how long a COVID-19 has will last in terms of protection of people against COVID-19. Protection is believed to last at least three months. It will probably be longer, but these studies continue and this question will finally be answered.

How long does it take to increase COVID-19 immunity after getting vaccinated against COVID-19?

After completing the COVID-19 vaccine series, either the dose series or the single dose, you will have to wait approximately two weeks to get the most benefit from the COVID-19 vaccine. Even then, COVID-19 is still circulating in the community, so it is important to remember that there is not yet widespread immunity. Therefore, you still have to wear a mask and practice social distancing. It is also important to maintain good hand hygiene.

What are the possible side effects of the COVID-19 vaccine?

Like other vaccines, a COVID-19 vaccine may cause mild side effects after the first or second dose, including:

  • Pain, redness, or swelling where the shot was fired.
  • Fever.
  • Fatigue.
  • Headache.
  • Muscle pain.
  • Shivers.
  • Joint pain.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Feeling bad.
  • Swollen lymph nodes.

Encourage yourself to search if you have any problems or concerns that do not subside 72 hours or more after the COVID-19 vaccine.

As for what to do after getting the vaccine, it is still important to practice social distancing in public and follow local, state, or federal mask guidelines. Be aware of people around you who may not have been able to get a vaccine.

You cannot control all the risks and no COVID-19 vaccine is 100% effective. As COVID-19 is still circulating in the community, it is important to remember that there is no complete and widespread immunity. Therefore, you need to know and take the proper precautions.

After more than a year of enduring the global COVID-19 pandemic, action is being taken to return to normal activities. It is still important if you have not been completely vaccinated against COVID-19 that you consider taking these steps:

  • Use a tight-fitting mask.
  • Keep a minimum distance of 6 feet from people you do not live with.
  • Avoid medium and large face-to-face meetings.
  • Take the test if you have symptoms of COVID-19.
  • Follow the guidelines issued by business and government.
  • Follow the travel requirements and recommendations of the Department of Health and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Although people who are completely vaccinated against COVID-19 have a very low risk of transmitting the virus to another person, no situation is at risk.


You have been vaccinated against COVID-19. Now what?


May 2021 Clinic News Network. Distributed by Tribune Content Agency, LLC.

Citation: Q and A: Vaccination and Precautions Against COVID-19 (2021, July 8) Retrieved July 8, 2021 at https://medicalxpress.com/news/2021-07-covid-vaccination-precautions.html

This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair treatment for the purposes of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without written permission. Content is provided for informational purposes only.





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