In a new study of adults in the general population infected with COVID-19 in 2020, more than a quarter report that they have not fully recovered after six to eight months. These findings are described this week in the open access journal PLOS ONE by Milo Puhan and colleagues at the University of Zurich, Switzerland.
Although initial public health responses to the SARS-CoV-2 virus focused on reducing the acute burden of COVID-19, a growing body of evidence indicates that infection can also have long-term consequences for physical health. and mental. These long-term consequences, currently known as “post-COVID-19 syndrome” or “long COVID”, are of growing concern to healthcare systems.
In the new study, researchers recruited 431 participants from the contact tracking system in Zurich, Switzerland. All participants tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 between February and August 2020 and completed an online questionnaire on their health an average of 7.2 months after their diagnosis. Symptoms had been present at diagnosis in 89% of participants and 19% were initially hospitalized. Compared with individuals who did not participate in the study, participants were younger, with a mean age of 47 years.
Overall, 26% of participants reported that they had not fully recovered within six to eight months after initial diagnosis of COVID-19. Fifty-five percent reported symptoms of fatigue, 25% had some degree of shortness of breath, and 26% had symptoms of depression. A higher percentage of women and initially hospitalized patients reported that they had not recovered compared to men and non-hospitalized individuals. A total of 40% of participants reported at least one COVID-19-related general practitioner visit after their acute illness. The authors state that their findings underscore the need for timely planning of patient resources and services for post-COVID-19 care.
The authors add: “This cohort study based on a representative sample based on the population of individuals infected with SARS-CoV-2 found that 26% did not fully recover at 6–8 months after diagnosis and 40 % had at least one other health contact related to COVID-19. These results underline the need for timely planning of health resources and services tailored to the needs of people suffering from post-COVID-19 syndrome. ”
Dominik Menges et al, Post-COVID-19 syndrome load and implications for health service planning: a population-based cohort study, PLOS ONE (2021). DOI: 10.1371 / journal.pone.0254523
Public Library of Sciences
Citation: “Long COVID”: More than a quarter of patients with COVID-19 are still symptomatic after 6 months (2021, July 13) recovered on July 13, 2021 at https://medicalxpress.com/news/ 2021-07-covid-quarter-covid -patients-symptomatic.html
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