According to a new study, men with COVID-19 had significantly higher rates of hospitalization and transfer to the intensive care unit (ICU). A higher percentage of males who died of COVID-19 than females, according to the study published in the journal Women’s Health Magazine.
Joanne Michelle Gomez, MD, Rush University Medical Center, and her co-authors studied the first 8,108 positive COVID-19 patients who presented to the Rush University system from March 1 to June 21, 2020. 19% of males needed hospitalization, compared with 13% females. Eight percent of men compared to 4% of women required an escalation of ICU care. The authors also reported a significantly increased need for vasopressor support and endotracheal intubation among men.
“A significant independent association between male sex and hospital mortality was observed in representing the total cohort of COVID-19 positive patients,” the authors state. “The interaction between biological, hormonal and gender behavioral factors is probably responsible for the worst results observed in males in COVID-19 “infection.
“The results of this study clearly show better results for women infected with COVID-19. The authors propose some biological, hormonal and behavioral factors this could be protective femaleshe says Women’s Health Magazine Editor-in-Chief Susan G. Kornstein, MD, executive director of the Commonwealth University Women’s Health Institute of Virginia, Richmond, VA.
Joanne Michelle D. Gomez et al, Sexual differences in hospitalization and mortality COVID-19, Women’s Health Magazine (2021). DOI: 10.1089 / jwh.2020.8948
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
Citation: Hospitalization and Mortality COVID-19: Sex Differences (2021, July 13) Retrieved July 13, 2021 at https://medicalxpress.com/news/2021-07-covid-hospitalization-mortality-sex-differences. html
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