Talks will focus on the national elections scheduled for December and the withdrawal of foreign troops and mercenaries.
Germany and the United Nations plan to hold a conference on Libya in Berlin on June 23, a rally that aims to bring together powers with interests in the North African country and its transitional government.
The conference, announced by Germany on Tuesday, will take stock of the “next steps needed for the country’s sustainable stabilization,” a statement from the country’s foreign ministry read.
Talks will focus mainly on preparations for the national elections scheduled for December 24, as well as the withdrawal of foreign troops and mercenaries from Libya. They will also discuss the creation of unified security forces for the North African country.
German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas stressed that the commitment to peace has been a long process and “we ourselves were often unsure whether the goals we had set could be achieved.”
“But after the events of recent months, we are cautiously optimistic and therefore it also makes sense to invite the participants of the first Libyan conference at the level of foreign ministers to ensure that the path now taken in Libya is continued. “, he said. he said at a press conference.
The meeting will take place at the level of foreign ministers and will be monitored Berlin Conference held in January 2020, in which leaders agreed to respect the arms embargo and push Libya’s warring parties to reach a full ceasefire. Germany has tried to act as an intermediary.
Countries that have participated in the process include the five permanent members of the UN Security Council, along with Italy, Turkey and the United Arab Emirates.
The Berlin conference will mark the first time the Libyan transitional government is represented at such an event, the German foreign ministry said in a statement.
He will “take stock of progress” since the first Berlin meeting and discuss “the next steps needed for sustainable stabilization,” he added.
“The main focus will be on preparations for the national elections scheduled for December 24 and on the withdrawal of foreign troops and mercenaries from Libya as agreed in the ceasefire,” the ministry statement said. “In addition, the steps towards the creation of a united security force in Libya will be discussed.”
Libya has been embroiled in chaos since a NATO-backed uprising toppled ruler Muammar Gaddafi in 2011. The oil-rich country was later split between a UN-recognized government in the capital, Tripoli, and authorities rivals based in the east of the country, with their support from armed groups and foreign governments.
In April 2019, the renegade Eastern military commander, Khalifa Haftar, and his forces, with the support of Egypt and the United Arab Emirates, launched an offensive to try to capture Tripoli. His 14-month campaign collapsed after Turkey intensified its military support for the UN-recognized government with hundreds of troops and thousands of Syrian mercenaries.
An October ceasefire agreement this included the demand that all foreign fighters and mercenaries leave Libya within 90 days and led to an agreement on the transitional government and the December elections. The government took office in February.