Clothes color clashes affect the performance of football matches


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A new study shows that footballers’ response times are reduced when part of the kit worn by both teams is the same color.

York University research revealed that when players have a clash of colors on the kit (either a shirt or shorts), it takes twice as long to find another player on the field of play.

The study authors call for a change in the laws of the game or clearer guidance.

The researchers used two experiments to investigate how variations in the kit affect the visual search of teammates. His first experiment confirmed that a player’s ability to discriminate is slower when played in cross kits, for example, red shirts-blue shorts versus blue shirts-red shorts.

The second experiment found that there was significant confusion when both teams wore shorts of the same color and that there was faster response time for both teams when there was no overlap in the color of the shorts.

The first author, former graduate Liam Burnell of the Department of Psychology, said that “it was found that, for example, where one team wears white tops and red shorts and the other wears red tops and white shorts affected teammate search time “.

“With cross-conditions that also affect the ability to discriminate between two teams quickly and accurately, rules that prevent this from happening can be beneficial in preventing misplaced passes and incorrect refereeing decisions.”

The study cites examples such as the final of the 2017 English Football League Cup, where Manchester United played Southampton, in which players wore red and white cross-country suits. A Southampton goal was controversially rejected when the assistant referee had to call offside.

Liam Burnell added: “This could have implications for the laws of the game, as current guidelines only require you to change the kit when the referee believes that the teams make the teams indistinguishable. There is currently no requirement for teams to wear different colors of shorts and guidelines. remain quite inaccurate about what constitutes a shock to the kit “.

The study also did some preliminary research on the role that different colors of strips play in the detectability of players when they are raised in the back of the stadium as they set out to explore whether Ferguson’s infamous claims that his players they could not be seen in their 1996 clash against Southampton they could carry something. truth.

The researchers also cited examples that included comments from then-Wales coach Chris Coleman ahead of a World Cup qualifier against Austria, who said no one wanted to play in gray as it was difficult to distinguish the players. Derek Adams in 2017, the then manager of Plymouth Argyle, also commented on his dark green stripe at the time, reflecting on how they had changed the kit a bit by wearing white socks to help players because the strip was mixed with the seats and grass. .

The study’s supervisor, Professor Peter Thompson of the Department of Psychology, said: “These reports suggest that the stripes, including those that are gray and dark, do not” come out “of the background, a problem that can be aggravate when the team strip is close in color to the stadium seats and especially when playing in an empty stadium “.

The research was conducted using graphic images from video games and alternating the colors of the kit which were then transposed to different backgrounds. Response time of participants to identify the different ones then controlled.

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More information:
Liam Burnell et al, Finding Neymar: The Role of Color in the Detection and Discrimination of Football Kits, Perception (2021). DOI: 10.1177 / 03010066211019370

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York University

Citation: Clothes color clashes affect the performance of football matches (2021, June 23) recovered on June 23, 2021 at football.html

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