Malian army officials angry at a government reshuffle have arrested President Bah Ndaw and Prime Minister Moctar Ouane, who were appointed in September under international pressure with the task of leading the country towards full civilian rule following a August 2020 coup.
Colonel Assimi Goita, leader of last year’s takeover and vice president of the interim government, accused the couple of violating the transition charter and said the elections will take place next year as planned.
With Mali facing a new political crisis nine months after the overthrow of the president Ibrahim Boubacar Keita, here is a chronology of all the most important political developments in the country:
In the early hours of August 18th, after months of anti-government protests, mutinous soldiers take up arms at a key base in Kati, a garrison town about 15 km (nine miles) from the capital, Bamako, while armored tanks and military vehicles are seen on the streets.
Hours later, Keita and Prime Minister Boubou Cisse are detained by military officials, in a dramatic escalation of the country’s crisis for months.
Around midnight, Keita, whose term would expire in 2023, announces who resigns his position saying he does not want blood to be shed.
In the early hours of August 19th, the military officers who shot down Keita committed to restore stability and oversee a transition period until elections are held within a “reasonable” timeframe. The coup plotters, who call themselves the National Committee for the Salvation of the People (CNSP), also say that “a transitional president“They will be appointed of civilian or military rank.
The coup, however, is widely condemned by the international community, with the main regional bloc, the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), suspending Mali from its institutions, closing borders and stopping financial flows with the country.
Turned on August 20 and 21, supporters of the opposition flood in Bamako’s central square to celebrate the overthrow of Keita, hailed by its leaders as a “victory for the people of Mali”.
Turned on August 22nd, a key meeting between Mali’s coup leaders and ECOWAS mediators seeking return to civilian rule it’s over after only 20 minutes.
The military government wants a military-led transitional body to govern the country for three years and agrees to release Keita, says an ECOWAS source August 23rd.
Talks between the delegation and the coup leader end August 24th without treatment on how the county should return to civilian rule.
Turned on August 26th, the European Union suspense its two Mali army and police training missions as part of an international effort to stabilize the country.
Coup leaders August 27th release Keita, who returns home to the Sebenikoro district of Bamako.
Turned on August 28th, Says ECOWAS the military it must transfer power to a civilian-led transitional government immediately and hold elections within a year. In return, Mali’s West African residents will pledge to gradually lift sanctions.
Military rulers August 29th adjourn its first meeting with civic groups, political organizations, and former rebels for “organizational reasons.”
Turned on September 5th, the military government the conversations begin with opposition groups in Bamako. However, less than an hour after the opening ceremony, supporters of the June 5 Movement (M5-RFP) – which led the demonstrations that led to the overthrow of Keita – began to protest, accusing the government military to exclude them from most working groups. .
Also activated September 5th, Keita leaves the country seeking medical treatment in the UAE after being hospitalized in Bamako after his ten-day detention.
The final statement of an ECOWAS summit in the Nigerian capital, Niamey, on September 7 he says a president and a transitional prime minister need to be appointed not later that on September 15 ”.
Turned on September 10th, About 500 people in Bamako he attended a three-day “national consultation” between political parties, unions and members of civil society groups to mark the second round of debate to chart a path to return the country to civilian rule.
The second day of the talks, the September 11th, experts appointed by military rulers propose a two-year transitional government led by an interim president elected by the army.
Turned on September 13th, the military government is moving forward a political letter establish an 18-month transitional government with the appointment of a soldier or civilian as interim president before elections are held.
The same day, the M5-RFP rejected the letter, accusing military norms of a “desire to monopolize and confiscate power”.
From ECOWAS September 15th limit date passes without regional mediators being able to persuade the coup plotters to hand over power to a civilian government.
Turned on September 21st, Is former Mali Defense Minister Bah Ndaw named as president of the country’s new transitional government, while Goita is named vice president.
Turned on September 22nd, Goita question for the lifting of ECOWAS economic sanctions since an interim president had been appointed.
Turned on September 25th, Ndaw and Goita are jury as interim president and vice president of Mali in Bamako.
Ndaw a SOctober 27th nomena Mali’s former foreign minister Moctar Ouane as prime minister, paving the way for the country’s residents to lift the sanctions imposed after the August coup.
Turned on October 6th, ECOWAS lifts sanctions in order to “support” the transfer to the civil domain.
Former Prime Minister Boubou Cisse, Moussa Timbine, former head of the national assembly, and eight generals detained during the coup are released October 7.
Turned on October 9th, the African Union lift your suspension of Mali, citing “significant progress” towards a return to democracy in the country.
Turned on December 5th, Provisional Legislature of Mali choose Colonel Malick Diaw, a member of the military government, as president.
Turned on December 31st, the prosecution says six people, including Cisse, the prime minister before the August coup, were being investigated for “conspiracies against the government, criminal association, insults to the head of state and complicity.”
Turned on April 15th, the transitional government announces that presidential and legislative elections will take place in February 2022. The first round of voting will take place on February 27, with a second round in March. Lt. Col. Abdoulaye Maiga, territorial administration minister, says the dates “strictly keep” the promises of an 18-month transition to return to an elected government.
Ouane resigns as prime minister May 14, a few days later, the opposition movement M5-RFP demanded the dissolution of the transitional government in the face of growing anger over the prominent role of the military and the slowness of reforms. But Ouane is re-appointed immediately to carry out a reshuffle, as the country’s interim government will form a new “Wide base” cabinet in the face of growing criticism.
Turned on May 24, the reshuffle of the government is announced. The army maintains the strategic portfolios it controlled during the previous administration in the reshuffle, but two coup leaders – former Defense Minister Sadio Camara and former Security Minister Colonel Modibo Kone – are replaced. Hours later, soldiers to stop both Ndaw and Ouane.
In a statement read on public television in May 25, Goita says Ndaw and Ouane had been stripped of their duties in an attempt to “sabotage” the transition, which “would continue as normal and the scheduled elections will be held in 2022.”