1 in 4 people without vaccination may not meet CDC mask guidelines


He revised guidelines the timing and timing of not wearing masks was a surprise to many Americans. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention announced on May 13, 2021 that people who were completely vaccinated against COVID-19 can safely enter many indoor environments, such as grocery stores and restaurants, without wearing a mask.

The updated CDC guidelines also call for unvaccinated or partially vaccinated people to continue wearing a mask, even in establishments such as bars and restaurants, where it may no longer be necessary to do so.

There is good reason to suspect that at least some unvaccinated Americans may violate the approach recommended by the CDC’s “honor system.” Although the number of Americans vaccinated or planning to be vaccinated against COVID-19 has increased in recent months, many Americans: 34%, in accordance with a recent one Kaiser Family Foundation Survey – They are on the verge of the vaccine (15%), will vaccinate only if required (6%) or plan to give up total vaccination (13%).

My classmates and I headed research this suggests that many people who plan to reject a vaccine stop negative views towards scientists and medical experts. Consequently, it seems plausible that unvaccinated people are unwilling to heed the advice of CDC public health experts.

So an important question arises, especially as Memorial Day approaches and people want to be out: fully vaccinated Americans can trust unvaccinated people to wear masks, even when they are not required to. ? In a new demographically representative survey, I find that the answer may or may not be.

The virus could mutate among unvaccinated people

He logic behind the decision, according to the CDC, is that Pfizer, Moderna and Johnson & Johnson vaccines are effective enough to do so reduce substantially the likelihood that vaccinated people will contract COVID-19, develop symptoms, or spread the disease to others. This probably means that unvaccinated potentially infectious people pose only a minimal threat to the vaccinated people they come in contact with.

There are now relatively low levels of community outreach in much of the U.S. And, as of May 24, more than 38% of Americans were fully immunized against COVID-19 through vaccination. As a result, this recent CDC guide may not interfere with a decrease in virus transmission rates across the country.

However, the decision has been made questions asked on whether vaccinated Americans can rely on unvaccinated people to follow CDC’s updated guidelines. As CDC Director Rochelle Walensky said, unvaccinated people should be “Honest with themselves” on the Protective Health Benefits of Wearing a Mask

A concern about the so-called “honor system“The approach is that it can allow the virus to circulate among unvaccinated people – one point raised by a major nurses union. If true, an increase in circulation can allow the virus to do so continue mutating. This could lead to the development of variants that are at least partially resistant to existing COVID-19 vaccines.

Evaluate the intentions of wearing masks and the status of vaccination

On May 17, I studied the vaccination and mask intentions of Americans in a demographically representative survey of 478 adults in the United States on May 17th. It uses quota sampling to produce samples that reflect known census demographic benchmarks on age, race, educational attainment, household income, partisan identification, and census region.

I corrected any possible deviations between the sample and the U.S. adult population by applying survey weights that adjusted the respondents ’age, race, educational levels, and household income.

I first asked respondents to report whether they were “fully vaccinated against COVID-19” or “partially vaccinated against COVID-19” or if “they had not received a vaccine against COVID-19.” Respondents were able to report that they were “fully vaccinated, that is, they received two doses of Pfizer / Modern or one of Johnson & Johnson” or “partially vaccinated, that is, they received one dose of Pfizer / Modern.” ; that “they have not received a vaccine against COVID-19, but they have planned”; or that “they have not received a vaccine against COVID-19 and do not plan to do so.”

Because some respondents may not have been aware of the updated CDC guidelines, I briefly summarized the revised CDC recommendations below.

Finally, I asked respondents if they “plan to wear a mask in indoor settings such as shops and restaurants, even when they are not required to.” Respondents could answer this question by saying “Yes, I plan to wear a mask” or “No, I don’t plan to wear a mask.”

Many unvaccinated people can ignore CDC guidelines

About 1 in 5, or 21%, reported that they had not received the COVID-19 vaccine and that they do not plan to do so. In addition, more than a quarter (26%) of that 21%, which is equivalent to about 5% of the total set of respondents, also said they plan not to wear a mask in indoor spaces such as shops and restaurants.

On the other hand, of the 48% who said they were fully vaccinated, a smaller percentage, or 19%, plan not to wear a mask inside. This means that the proportion of unvaccinated people in my sample who plans not to wear masks inside is higher than the proportion of vaccinated people who plan to do the same.

Fully vaccinated people may choose to continue wearing an indoor mask because they do not trust unvaccinated people to follow CDC guidelines. I find that a small majority (54%) of fully vaccinated respondents say they trust unvaccinated people “a little” or “nothing” to wear masks indoors. While nearly 4 in 5 (or 79%) of fully vaccinated people report that they trust the CDC to “do what’s right,” the uncertainty about what unvaccinated people decide to do can overcome these considerations.

A potential mismatch between expectations and reality

The idea that many unvaccinated people may choose not to wear masks in public indoor spaces does not necessarily have negative consequences for public health. It could be the case that current COVID-19 transmission rates, vaccine uptake, and population immunity to the virus are high enough to prevent another wave of infections. As a social scientist, I prefer to leave this issue in the hands of epidemiologists and public health professionals.

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However, I think my research documents a significant asymmetry between the revised CDC recommendations and what unvaccinated people really plan to do. Because some Americans who do not plan to get vaccinated against COVID-19 report that they may ignore CDC guidelines regarding the use of masks indoors, other Americans may have some skepticism about whether or not the “system of honor” approach is likely to produce compliance.

Of course, I warn that these responses to the survey are based entirely on self-reported data. It could be the case that people who find out about themselves by planning to get vaccinated or wear masks, or both, do not do so in their daily lives. If true, this may strengthen the case of vaccinated Americans to maintain a certain amount of skepticism about unvaccinated people, as I may be underestimating the extent to which unvaccinated people plan to circumvent CDC guidelines.

An “honor system” approach to the use of masks may not end up prolonging the pandemic. But Americans may be right to doubt whether or not unvaccinated people follow CDC recommendations.

Matt Motta, Assistant Professor of Political Science, Oklahoma State University

This article is republished from The conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.

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